how to harvest asparagus

Asparagus stalks shoot right out of the ground. To catch the seeds, place the plant tops in a brown paper bag. How to Harvest Wild Asparagus. Harvesting Mature Asparagus . Active Time 1 hour. This will allow the plants to develop and store food reserves so they can produce a bountiful harvest in the third year and for many years to come. Harvest asparagus grown from crowns after two seasons. Asparagus is most commonly planted in spring using dormant two-year-old crowns. Do not harvest yet on the first spring year. Some would advise not cuttingbelow groudn but at groudn level to avoid admaging the crown. How To Harvest Asparagus . Asparagus may sound one of the more difficult vegetables to grow but in truth the main drawback is simply that it takes time to get from planting or sowing it to harvest, three years from planting asparagus crowns. Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. After harvest, fertilize your asparagus in early summer. Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. Harvest the ripe seeds as soon as possible and store in a cool, dry location until ready for use. To promote a vigorous, healthy and long-lasting root system it is important that you do not harvest any spears during the first year. The properly prepared and harvested asparagus bed will increase in yearly production for many years, generally for as long as 15 years and possibly up to 30 years, with the vegetable becoming more abundant. The delectable spears are not of edible quality until the fourth year after planting seeds. Removing the spears for more than a month during this important year of growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Learning how to harvest asparagus ensures the life of your asparagus bed. Use a sharp knife, cutting the spears 2.5cm below the level of the soil. Asparagus plants are heavy feeders, so be prepared to amend your soil and fertilize regularly. To farm the Asparagus, you plant and grow the seeds (or the Asparagus itself) on tilled soil, once they're fully grown you can right-click them, harvest the Asparagus and let them grow again. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. Excessive disturbance of the area can result in damage to spears which have not yet broken ground. However, it will blend in with other green plants—you’re likely going to have to find it in a field of tall grass. In early spring harvest spears every 3rd day or so. Asparagus beds need to grow without being harvested for the first two full growing seasons when planted from crowns, and they must grow for an additional year if started from seed.Do not harvest any shoots during the first year of growth … If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. During the third season, pick the asparagus spears over a 4-week period. This is the hardest part. How To Plant & Grow Asparagus. Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. Get over that hurdle and asparagus is very simple to care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease. Asparagus harvesting should begin when the stems are 5 to 8 inches long and as big around as your finger. Fertilize your young asparagus in the Spring with an organic 5-10-10 formula. The female plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus one will have the most productive harvest from male plants. Unless you plan to save the seeds, it’s best to remove them to conserve energy. After watering, place a thin layer of compost over the crowns, and finish by covering the top of the crown only with soil. Harvest asparagus by snapping off the green spears at soil level. Keep your asparagus bed weeded by lightly cultivating around the plants. You will be able to harvest your asparagus in the 3rd year (more about that later) but … Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), one of the most delectable treats available for spring harvest, develops bright red berries in fall. Learning how to pick asparagus ensures the lifespan of your asparagus bed. Wait until foliage turns yellow or brown and the plant becomes dormant before pruning. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. Harvest asparagus spears when they are 3/8 to 1 inch (0.95 to 2.54cm) thick. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Total Time 1 hour 30 minutes. Stop harvesting spears when the diameter of the spears decreases to the size of a pencil. First Picking of Asparagus. In the second year you may harvest no more than half of the spears, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter. Cut the spears from the plant using a sharp knife, or simply snap the spears off at ground level using your hands. Asparagus harvesting then becomes more worthwhile each year. Filling In The Trench To establish strong roots, the trench will be filled in slowly as the asparagus grows. How to Harvest Asparagus Harvesting Tips. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Cook cut spears immediately or refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the spear. 6 Best Vegetables to Plant in Early Spring, How to Grow Spinach in Your Home Vegetable Garden. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. During this time the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds. When harvested by right-click, the plant doesn't break, and yields 1-2 Asparagus. Mulch asparagus beds to protect them during the winter months. In the third year, start cutting the spears in mid-April when they are 18cm tall. Snapping will break spears cleanly at a tender point. Spears should be harvested when they are 5-7” in length and just before the tips begin to get loose. How To Harvest Wild Asparagus. Using a sharp knife with a serrated edge (you can buy special asparagus knives) cut the asparagus cleanly 2- 10cm (1"-4") below the ground. What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Asparagus Plants, Types Of Asparagus – Learn About Different Varieties Of Asparagus, Planting Asparagus: How To Make An Asparagus Bed, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Winter Orchid Requirements: Growing Orchids During Winter, Indoor Plant Problems: Mistakes People Make With Houseplants, Lily Of The Valley Control – How To Kill Lily Of The Valley, Information On Growing New Potatoes In Your Garden, Stonecrop Plant – Planting Stonecrop In Your Garden, Trees Showing Roots: Trees With Above Ground Roots, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. As a rule, you will harvest every other day when the spears are between 4 and 8-inches tall and usually for a period between 6 and 8 weeks, depending upon your geographical location, and also depending upon the weather for that particular year. Don’t harvest any asparagus for the first 2 years they are placed in their permanent bed. Length may dictate when to pick asparagus, but you will want to get it early enough in the season that it is tender. Then it is time to stop and let them grow, gaining strength for next spring. Cut off the stalk… You won’t be pulling asparagus out of the ground, as you would with a carrot or onion. Among the tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). Harvest and storage. "Since they are such a long-term producer, it's going to take them a while to get settled," says Brandeisky. Print Prep Time 30 minutes. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. When is the best time to harvest asparagus? Asparagus male or female. How to Harvest Asparagus. Here are some tips on how to harvest asparagus: Harvest spears before the flower buds are open. Female plants devote much of their energy to seed production and can be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the season. Also, the ferny growth is an attractive addition to the garden. How to Harvest Asparagus. Planting asparagus from seed allows you to grow any variety of this vegetable, but growing from one-year old crowns allows you to harvest asparagus faster – three years after planting the crowns. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. Asparagus plants are either males or female. After the second year, you can harvest for around 6 weeks. Asparagus requires some patience until harvesting time comes. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. Difficulty Easy. If you notice decreased production and vigor in your asparagus plants, stop harvesting and let the plant store energy for next season. Cutting with a knife can spread diseases from plant to plant. How to Harvest Asparagus. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. Cut foliage back to ground level. During the fourth season harvest in every 8 … Do not harvest any spear in the first two seasons. After the soil settles, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer. Asparagus … Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month of optimum production. Do not fill in the entire trench yet. Expect to harvest spears every 2-3 d… Unlike other vegetables, asparagus takes considerable patience because it will not be until the third year after planting that you can harvest it. To harvest asparagus, simply cut the spears with a sharp knife or scissors at ground level. They look like they do in the store. Don't be tempted to rip it out of the ground as you will more than likely pull out the whole crown. Asparagus are either male or female. Keep in mind not to overharvest since the plant still needs to replenish its energy for next year. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. The fourth-year spread the harvest out over 8 weeks. When you plant from crowns, you can start harvesting the spears after 2 full years, when they are about 6 to 10 inches above the soil level. Harvest asparagus spears around every 3 days during early spring and increase the frequency to twice per day during summer to keep up with production. To store asparagus, clean the crops and use the refrigerator. If you have grown asparagus from seed don't harvest any spears until the third season as the plants need to mature and establish their root systems. Pick asparagus every other day in the spring: if you wait longer, it will go to fern and you’ll miss out. As the plant matures you will be able to harvest about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week period. Once they start getting smaller to the width of a pencil it’s time to stop harvesting. Only harvest 3 to 4 weeks, then let the fern grow to strengthen the plants. How To Harvest Asparagus? Harvesting asparagus is worth the wait, and wait you must if you have started a new asparagus bed from seed or crowns. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Asparagus spears should not be harvested the first year and only lightly harvested during the second year. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. You can top-dress with a balanced organic fertilizer, or scatter another inch of rich, weed-free compost over the decomposing mulch. This takes some discipline, as the spears will appear in the first and second year, but if you harvest them, then you will very likely kill the plants—or at least seriously stunt their production for future years. Don’t harvest asparagus for the first two years after planting. Of course, the width will vary from male to female plants. Use this guide on how to properly weed, harvest, and care for your asparagus to ensure your patch remains healthy. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month … What Do the Letters NPK Mean on a Fertilizer? Male plants, who devote no energy to seed production, offer thicker and longer spears which are what one desires when harvesting asparagus. Here are the asparagus harvest do’s and don’ts. Asparagus is a great garden plant but there are a few tricks to taking care of it. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. However, it takes about 5 years to start harvesting asparagus. Apply 1 pound of granular fertilizer per 100 square feet. Start harvesting from the third season in every 3-4 week intervals. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. Today, I talk about the correct way to harvest asparagus. Hotter weather will shorten your harvesting season, while cooler weather will extend it. When and How to Harvest Garden Vegetables. Planting asparagus from seed allows one to grow any variety of the vegetable, but growing from one year old crowns allows for harvesting asparagus more quickly — three years after planting crowns. Pick spears for only two weeks the third year (which is the first harvest); let plants continue to establish themselves; over-harvesting can weaken plants and cause future harvests to be small. Materials. Begin the asparagus harvest when plants are three years old and fully developed. Once the tops fall over they can be collected and hung upside down in a warm, dry position. Attractive addition to the size of a pencil are available that offer only male plants, though can! Are 5 to 8 inches long and as big around as your finger Vanderlinden... Planting that you can harvest it as possible and store in a cool, dry.. 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